A medical test is a procedure performed to detect, diagnose or monitor the disease, or to determine a course of treatment. Medical tests are related to clinical chemistry and are typically performed in medical laboratories.
Test facilities in hospitals:
It includes histopathology, cytopathology and electron microscopy.
Culturing feces, urine, blood, sputum, cerebrospinal fluid, etc.
Specimens are examined for parasites.
Analysis of whole blood specimen for blood counts, and examination of blood films.
To perform tests on serum or plasma. It analyzes lipid, blood sugar, enzymes, and hormones.
Testing of pharmaceutical and recreational drugs. Urine and blood samples are common specimens.
It uses antigen-antibody interaction as a diagnostic tool. Compatibility of transplanted organs is determined by this method.
Test of urine, mainly microscopically.
Processes solid tissues removed from the body for microscopical evaluation.
Examining smears of cells from all over the body for evidence of inflammation, cancer, etc.
Blood and other cells are used to make DNA karyotype. This can be helpful in antenatal diagnosis and for some types of cancers.
Examines organs, limbs, tumors, fetuses, etc. biopsied in surgery such as breast mastectomies.