A medical test is a procedure performed to detect, diagnose or monitor the disease, or to determine a course of treatment. Medical tests are related to clinical chemistry and are typically performed in medical laboratories.


Test facilities in hospitals:

  • Anatomical pathology

It includes histopathology, cytopathology and electron microscopy.

  • Microbiology

Culturing feces, urine, blood, sputum, cerebrospinal fluid, etc.

  • Parasitology

Specimens are examined for parasites.

  • Hematology

Analysis of whole blood specimen for blood counts, and examination of blood films.

  • Clinical biochemistry

To perform tests on serum or plasma. It analyzes lipid, blood sugar, enzymes, and hormones.

  • Toxicology

Testing of pharmaceutical and recreational drugs. Urine and blood samples are common specimens.

  • Immunology/ Serology

It uses antigen-antibody interaction as a diagnostic tool. Compatibility of transplanted organs is determined by this method.

  • Urinalysis

Test of urine, mainly microscopically.

  • Histopathology

Processes solid tissues removed from the body for microscopical evaluation.

  • Cytopathology

Examining smears of cells from all over the body for evidence of inflammation, cancer, etc.

  • Cytogenetics

Blood and other cells are used to make DNA karyotype. This can be helpful in antenatal diagnosis and for some types of cancers.

  • Surgical pathology

Examines organs, limbs, tumors, fetuses, etc. biopsied in surgery such as breast mastectomies.