Orthopedic surgery is done through diagnosis and preoperative, operative, and postoperative treatment of the musculoskeletal system’s diseases and injuries. The surgeon primarily deals with joints and associated soft tissues (muscles, nerves, and ligaments), overuse condition of bones or chronic arthritic, congenital and acquired disorders, and other acute injuries.

Most of the orthopedic consultants learn to handle severe and sudden cases by working alongside general surgeons in the A & E department. Here, the orthopedic issues such as bony and soft tissue injuries are dealt by them.

Apart from this, particular orthopedic conditions are diagnosed by orthopedic specialists. Vast majority of treatment for such conditions includes—

  • Sport surgery
  • Rheumatoid surgery
  • Bone tumor surgery
  • Spine (alongside neurosurgeons)
  • Joint reconstruction
  • Complex trauma surgery

Corrective treatment, as well as a different type of fracture treatment for childhood deformities and growing bones, is done by pediatric orthopedics.

Most major orthopedic operations are done by the orthopedic surgeons. These operations are—

  • Corrective surgery
  • Repair surgery of damaged muscle
  • Arthroplasty surgery
  • Fracture repair
  • Joint arthroscopy


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